Reclaim Finance, BankTrack, Re:Common, urgewald and Climate Action Network-International have written to the GFANZ co-chairs, Mark Carney and Michael Bloomberg, to warn that without strong leadership “GFANZ is at risk of becoming a smokescreen to hide the finance sector’s foot dragging on decarbonization.” Forty-seven other NGOs from 19 countries have endorsed the letter.
GFANZ is an alliance of alliances that includes many of the world’s most powerful investors, banks and insurers. It includes seven sectoral alliances, covering everything from investment consulting to banking. The alliances currently have more than 520 financial institution members and represent total assets of almost $138 trillion. (1) In signing up to GFANZ, these financial institutions must align with the criteria of the UN’s Race to Zero Campaign, which include a commitment to halving emissions by 2030 in line with the IPCC’s 1.5°C scenarios.
The groups say that “Without a major increase in ambition, it is hard to see how the GFANZ alliances and initiatives will halve their financed, facilitated and insured emissions within the next eight years.”
The letter acknowledges “the impressive contribution” that Carney and Bloomberg have made “to the cause of decarbonizing finance.” However, it goes on to say that:
“In the past year we have seen very few indications that the major members of GFANZ are serious about withdrawing financial services from the fossil fuel industry, despite repeated extreme weather disasters, three more alarming reports from the IPCC, and the stark illustration of the link between fossil-fuel dependence and brutal authoritarianism given by Putin’s invasion of Ukraine.”
The litmus test for credible climate policies was made clear in May 2021 when the International Energy Agency (IEA) in its net zero scenario concluded that there is no room in the tightly constrained 1.5°C carbon budget for any further investments in new fossil fuel supply projects. The letter notes that “no GFANZ alliance has taken meaningful steps to require its members to act upon the IEA’s findings and insist that the companies they support cease their investments in fossil expansion.”
The letter cites research showing that:
- Only 60 out of 240 of the largest GFANZ members have any policy excluding support for companies developing new coal projects. Of these 60, just 11 have adopted robust policies to end financial services for all companies building new coal mines, plants and related infrastructure.
- Six of the eight top holders of stocks and bonds in the global coal industry as of November 2021 were GFANZ members. The biggest coal investor, BlackRock — a member of GFANZ’s Steering Group — held over $34 billion in companies developing new coal infrastructure, including mines and power plants.
- Out of 74 of the largest members of GFANZ, only five have policies with any mention of restricting some support for oil and gas supply expanders. Among them is la Banque Postale which has stopped lending to oil and gas companies developing new supply projects — but has up to now failed to apply this policy to the investments of its asset management arm.In 2021, the 44 largest members of the Net-Zero Banking Alliance (NZBA) provided $143.6 billion in lending and underwriting for the 75 companies doing the most to expand oil and gas. In October 2021, JPMorgan Chase, Mizuho and Unicredit joined the NZBA. The following month they participated in a syndicate that underwrote the sale of $580 million in bonds for Gazprom (the company with the second biggest oil and gas expansion plans globally).
The civil society letter states that in addition to ceasing finance for companies with plans to expand the supply of fossil fuels, all the GFANZ alliances need to require their members to:
- Set interim milestones for emission reductions before 2030;
- Ensure that carbon intensity targets are complemented by absolute emission targets;
- Ensure that fossil fuel and power company targets include their Scope 3 emissions; and
- Exclude the use of offsets in meeting the 50% by 2030 target.
The letter notes the recent warning from Carney that the world is now “dithering towards climate disaster.”
Commenting on this warning, Paddy McCully, Senior Analyst with Paris-based Reclaim Finance, says: “It is sadly ironic that Carney is warning about the world dithering on climate when the alliance that he and Bloomberg co-chair has itself spent a year dithering with no clear signs that it has yet achieved anything on reducing fossil fuel finance. Carney and Bloomberg must show some leadership and push GFANZ members to cease financing fossil fuel companies’ climate-wrecking expansion plans.”